Explanatory representation

Heidegger, M. et al. (2002) Heidegger: Off the Beaten Track. Cambridge University Press.

The age of the World Picture
Essential Phenomena of modernity

 

  1. Science
  2. Machine Technology
  3. Artwork become an object of experience ( art’s moving into the purview of aesthetics) [ *Eriebens* ]
  4. Human action is understood and practised as Culture. And then becomes the politics of culture
  5. Loss of the gods. [ Entgötterung ]

To grasp the essence of contemporary science we must first free ourselves of the habit of comparing modern with older science - from the perspective of progress - merely in terms of degree.

The essence of what is today called science is Research, which consists in the fact that knowing establishes itself as a procedure ( requires an open region within which it operates) within some real of beings in nature or history.  The experiment is only possible where knowledge of nature has already transformed itself into research. The observation directed toward knowledge until medieval with number and measure. 

> Maybe it is because there was the God and the answer embarked in nature. 

p64 By this term is to be understood, first of all, that phenomenon whereby a science, whether natural or humanistic, in order to achieve proper recognition today as a science is required to be capable of being **institutionalised**.  Similarly, in historical research, the stock of sources only becomes usable when the sources themselves are verified by historical explanation.


    methodology -> possibilities of procedure


What is going on in the spread and entrenchment of the institutional character of the sciences? Nothing less than the establishment of the precedence of methodology over the beings (of nature and history) which, at a particular time, **are objectified in research**.

The university is that it is an establishment which still, in a unique way, on account of its administratively self-contained form, makes possible and visible both the fragmentation of the sciences into the specialities and the peculiar unity of constant activity.

> The name of University course determine the character of the knowledge

Science as research first arrives when, and only when, truth has transformed itself into the certainty of representation. It is in the metaphysics of Descartes that, for the first time, the being is defined as the objectness of representation, and the truth as the certainty of representation.

 Modernity

  1. the interplay between subjectivism and comparable objectivism
  2.  individualism

Man first time, became a subject. Man becomes the referential centre of beings as such. Being as a whole. When we inquire the modern world, we characterise this by contrasting it with the “World picture” of the Middle age and of antiquity.  “World” serves a name for being in their entirety ( not confined to the cosmos, to nature). 

> A world defined the interpretation of the human being. Comparing the ancient world with modern means, comparing the subject matter of the human’s point of view.

A4 - 001

A4 001 - 0311

Mediated perception

 
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Standardisation of the paper

Norbert Bolz pointed out that print media has properties of matter/actuality with actuality's function which makes it superiority. Print media can be easy to handle, quickly take a view, can touch and even can through. It is the power of the newspaper or the book stronger than the Online properties.

This actuality by the printed type has another strength is it can provide affect from the trust. The printed type became a symbol of the truth. Bolz claimed that even many people who don't read anymore still infer something truth from the printed media. Interactional communication needs the effort to get to choice potential. It is because Bolz said, many people have no certain idea what they want or what they want to know until actually sens it. However, the Interactive online information provides too much freedom of choice and inflation of the information, which is not showing the traffic sign/direction. In this moment, we need Noah's ark from the Deluge of the information: specialised service, the information mapping. Old medium will be granted firm position as faster information inflation as accelerated. Bolz highlights the nature of the modern human, which is the desire to bring one thing from old world before penetrates to new world.

Certainly printing has been a strong factor in stabilizing and standardizing the graphic form of a language – its orthography – and in stabilizing whole texts.

There is another complication: what is an ‘inch’, a ‘pouce’ or a ‘Zoll’ anyway? There is abundant evidence to tell us that these units had different values in different places at any one time, and that they changed over time. For example, a regulation of paper published in Prague in 1759 gives two tables for paper sizes: one that uses Vienna units and the other uses Prague units. ‘Kleine Noten-Papier’ was 16 x 121⁄2 Zoll in the former, and 17 x 131⁄4 Zoll in the latter: it was the units that differed, not the lengths measured.34

Kinross, R. (2009) A4 and Before. Wassenaar: NIAS.

 The Bologna stone, showing the four standard paper sizes, circa 1389. Overall dimensions of the stone: 75 x 103 x 3.5 cm. The sizes of the rectangles that indicate paper-sheets, as given by the Museo Civico Medievale, Bologna: 50.5 x 73.5 cm; 44.5 x 61 cm; 34.5 x 50 cm; 31.5 x 44.5 cm. (Museo Civico Medievale, Bologna.)   Faculty.goucher.edu. (2017).  Hand-Press Book Paper Sizes . [online] Available at: http://faculty.goucher.edu/eng241/handpress_book_paper_sizes.htm [Accessed 3 Nov. 2017].

The Bologna stone, showing the four standard paper sizes, circa 1389. Overall dimensions of the stone: 75 x 103 x 3.5 cm. The sizes of the rectangles that indicate paper-sheets, as given by the Museo Civico Medievale, Bologna: 50.5 x 73.5 cm; 44.5 x 61 cm; 34.5 x 50 cm; 31.5 x 44.5 cm. (Museo Civico Medievale, Bologna.) 

Faculty.goucher.edu. (2017). Hand-Press Book Paper Sizes. [online] Available at: http://faculty.goucher.edu/eng241/handpress_book_paper_sizes.htm [Accessed 3 Nov. 2017].

http://www.tahitipehrson.com/

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silver rectangle

Cl.cam.ac.uk. (2017). Lichtenberg’s letter to Johann Beckmann. [online] Available at: http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~mgk25/lichtenberg-letter.html [Accessed 3 Nov. 2017].

a Boat

 

a Boat

 

Communication Entrainment

How we are communicate

Perceiving, with only rare exceptions, involves making inferences and decisions based on information coming from several modalities simultaneously.

When the lights are stationary, they appear to be randomly placed and no form is seen, but as soon as the lights begin to move it is easy to tell whether the actor is running or walking, and even the gender of the actor (Cutting, 1978)

typically we cannot make use of all the available properties at once due to sensory limitations, memory limitations, or even environmental obstacles.

Given the immediacy and transparency of perceiving, it is easy to forget that perceiving is based on the patterning of neural spikes (Rieke et al., 1997). The spike train is not a static image; it is a running commentary or simultaneous translation of the objects and contrasts in the world.

Handel, S. (2006) Perceptual Coherence. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

 
 
 

Very Personal and Very General

Caution : This words do not represent me  

Most of the time, I am thinking about myself. All the years and days, through my whole life, I am thinking about only myself. All the questions and curiosities come from me, from physical matters to mental difficulties. It is because I can just surely questioning and answering about my present, and also I believe any of my thought and understanding about outside of my brain cannot represent the others. I can explore through my bodies which are wholly generated by my brain, but it is mine and constitution of myself, even if your existence helped to start. Since I can remember myself, or since I could feel my existence, I have been wondering why I am doing certain things and feel that ways. So, I cannot help myself.

Some people could say that I am talking about my memories again(!) as I always did on my blog. Well, I guess that is human nature, wanting to know what I am and where I come from. So I should apologise first because it is not the story about general human history but myself.

Before asking about Human, I should have separate myself and the others. Myself could part of human nature, but human nature didn't include in me. Or it can be opposite. Therefore I could understand some of me from human nature but to fully understand myself I should define Human and clarify core of my part. I do not believe many philosophers studied human mind because they loved their species. I think they fond themselves much more, so unavoidably, they should consider their parents first. How narcissist they were! Pardon me if I am too sarcastic, but I rather call me masochism, because I am one of them.

I am alive and have senses, also can pass my gene to next generation with my eggs (although I did not check properly yet), so I guess I am living organism. My DNA - follow my DNA analysis - mostly passed by Korean 98%, but before 300 years ago, my blood mixed with Japanese and Chinese. It is possible to say my ancestors come from Chinese if we are talking about the modern geographical situation. Of course, I am Asian. Anyone can figure through my appearances. Black hair and black - some friends told me it is brown - eyes. Even my bone structure is telling me I got many of my genes from a specific flow of DNA. I have more natural endurance and muscles. My face is not getting red easily by alcohol god bless Korean gene. I may have young looking thank for my mom's gene or from above.

Is it explaining about me?

All of the information can explain about part of my blood - stored my genesis stories. As DNA is only saving their mortgage for future, whole earth creature's stories are in Me, and all of us. We all sharing 99% of genes, since we had a massive total extermination. Only remained som Sapience made this world. Again, thanks to Eve Sapience.

Any of this is not me. At least, is not comes from me, it comes from the others. All of this information - visible, detectable and collectable information is not me. This information could generate or stimulated from my existence, but never comes from my present. In another word, it is you. It is the information which you can measure, distinct and classify about me, How? Through the generalised and scandalised sign of the information which we call Modern Language. Since, all human can sense and decipher only through own senses - or let's say after Babylon tower we cannot understand spoken language each other, there is just one source to digest the exterior information as a general Knowledge. It is measurable Language. Datum point and It is now we call "Information Data - metadata". I wonder how many people had a chance to questioning about what they truly are. Not as information, not asking yourself you are normal or why and how you are different with the others but how you think. I think, "who I am" question is not solvable by any information from outside. It is a question directly asking to you. How you feel, how you are.

All the feelings that have afflicted on my whole life. All the emotions that I wanted to get answers. None of that can translate into any language at once. It needs stories to carry away. They need a carrier to weave in one - ME. I am the only one existence which storing whole context archive. Maybe someone calls it Brain or someone depicts it as the SURFACE. But as I am claiming my current, it is still "manifest me".

I am a designer. At least I think I am a visual communicator. I love myself, as Narcissus who was watching his reflection on the fond. So, I want to know what you are thinking. How you see the world. How we look at each other. How I and you are thinking about all of the World. I believe it is inseparable devotion. Many times, I was telling people I do not trust spoken and written Language. I still do. This is why I always chose to observe surroundings and stories left behind. It takes times because I need to follow up your time. However, that times tangled in you, it will become in one once we follow each other.

Please tell me your stories from the inside of you.
Images and Imaginations will tie up the stories,
And then, one day. I will not alone anymore.

Endless scrolling

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Personal Clips

CNN Style. (2014). 700-year-old doodles by medieval scribes - CNN. [online] Available at: http://edition.cnn.com/style/article/medieval-doodles/index.html [Accessed 7 Oct. 2017].

O’Connell, M. (2012). The Marginal Obsession with Marginalia. [online] The New Yorker. Available at: https://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/the-marginal-obsession-with-marginalia [Accessed 7 Oct. 2017].

McCrum, R. (2012). On margins | Robert McCrum. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/books/booksblog/2012/jan/12/on-margins-marginalia-robert-mccrum [Accessed 7 Oct. 2017].

Anderson, S. (2015). ‘What I Really Want Is Someone Rolling Around in the Text’. [online] Nytimes.com. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/06/magazine/06Riff-t.html?pagewanted=2&ref=magazine [Accessed 7 Oct. 2017].

Meyer, R. (2014). Here Are the Most Popular Passages in Our Favorite Books, According to Kindle. [online] The Atlantic. Available at: https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2014/11/the-passages-that-readers-love/381373/ [Accessed 7 Oct. 2017].

 

Searchable memory

I was confused about my Project. More I asked myself more I have lost direction. The mind map is not clear as a physical paper map. It moves all direction without the timeline. Some point past being present and future became the past. As if text started from the last page, and went back to the back page, thinking is not linear to organise in the frame.

Last year, I tried how reading operates in our mind, more specifically, in our consciousness. Because human recognition is a combination of stimuli and stored experience, and that stimuli are only used 10% from our eyes, actually we are storing information on the object over and over. Memory, which is the concept we call storing place, is whole mixed recognitions. It also influenced by culture, which we can call it as group memory. In this sense, human (individually) producing and storing information and through sharing process, it makes culture memory/experience. 

Internet, Deleuze claimed temporal memory, is the same function that we are making society. The problem from the cultural aspect is temporary has very little responses to organise context. Culture itself became context to recognise real. It is very hard to break down like Website Link and Paper Page.

One thing ( or maybe more) most beneficial and efficient function of the internet is “Searching” or “Ctrl + F”. It allows a chance to go back to context when it was written. As the book has pages, it broke down letter by letter and people by people. It also allows seeing the world as Individual back and forward. Many search engines such as Google or Yahoo provide to information opportunity to survive as an each “Vision”. For example, “tag” function now we familiar, allows a different point of view of people or object which remained as different. Now all the object alive as individual not as a whole. This pulverised images stored imaginary one and whole place and constitute “Culture”.

We lived so short visible and seeable period by technology such as TV, Radio and photography, and now “Searchable” became another power as a political matter. 

Swapped Blue Marble

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1972 NASA Blue Marble

 View of the Earth as seen by the Apollo 17 crew -- astronaut Eugene A. Cernan, commander; astronaut Ronald E. Evans, command module pilot; and scientist-astronaut Harrison H. Schmitt, lunar module pilot -- traveling toward the moon. This translunar coast photograph extends from the Mediterranean Sea area to the Antarctica South polar ice cap. This is the first time the Apollo trajectory made it possible to photograph the South polar ice cap. Note the heavy cloud cover in the Southern Hemisphere. Almost the entire coastline of Africa is clearly visible. The Arabian Peninsula can be seen at the Northeastern edge of Africa. The large island off the coast of Africa is the Malagasy Republic. The Asian mainland is on the horizon toward the Northeast.   Image Credit: NASA

View of the Earth as seen by the Apollo 17 crew -- astronaut Eugene A. Cernan, commander; astronaut Ronald E. Evans, command module pilot; and scientist-astronaut Harrison H. Schmitt, lunar module pilot -- traveling toward the moon. This translunar coast photograph extends from the Mediterranean Sea area to the Antarctica South polar ice cap. This is the first time the Apollo trajectory made it possible to photograph the South polar ice cap. Note the heavy cloud cover in the Southern Hemisphere. Almost the entire coastline of Africa is clearly visible. The Arabian Peninsula can be seen at the Northeastern edge of Africa. The large island off the coast of Africa is the Malagasy Republic. The Asian mainland is on the horizon toward the Northeast.

Image Credit: NASA

 Hoshide taking a  space selfie  during extravehicular activity (EVA) on September 5, 2012, with the  Sun  behind him.

Hoshide taking a space selfie during extravehicular activity (EVA) on September 5, 2012, with the Sun behind him.

 A 'Blue Marble' image of the Earth taken from the VIIRS instrument aboard NASA's most recently launched Earth-observing satellite - Suomi NPP. This composite image uses a number of swaths of the Earth's surface taken on January 4, 2012. The NPP satellite was renamed 'Suomi NPP' on January 24, 2012 to honor the late Verner E. Suomi of the University of Wisconsin.  Suomi NPP is NASA's next Earth-observing research satellite. It is the first of a new generation of satellites that will observe many facets of our changing Earth.  Suomi NPP is carrying five instruments on board. The biggest and most important instrument is The Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite or VIIRS.   Image Credit: NASA/NOAA/GSFC/Suomi NPP/VIIRS/Norman Kuring   Last Updated: Aug. 4, 2017  Editor: NASA Content Administrator

A 'Blue Marble' image of the Earth taken from the VIIRS instrument aboard NASA's most recently launched Earth-observing satellite - Suomi NPP. This composite image uses a number of swaths of the Earth's surface taken on January 4, 2012. The NPP satellite was renamed 'Suomi NPP' on January 24, 2012 to honor the late Verner E. Suomi of the University of Wisconsin.

Suomi NPP is NASA's next Earth-observing research satellite. It is the first of a new generation of satellites that will observe many facets of our changing Earth.

Suomi NPP is carrying five instruments on board. The biggest and most important instrument is The Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite or VIIRS.

Image Credit: NASA/NOAA/GSFC/Suomi NPP/VIIRS/Norman Kuring

Last Updated: Aug. 4, 2017

Editor: NASA Content Administrator

Disposable to disposal

About The Camera

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Manufactured in Etats-Unis from (Circa) 1940 until () 0.
Index of rarity in France: Rare (among non-specialized garage sales)

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Manufactured in France from () 1966 until () 0.
Index of rarity in France: Rare (among non-specialized garage sales)

It must be broken to release the film.

“ As early as 1930, an estimated 1 billion photographs were being taken every year worldwide. Fifty years later, it was about 25 billion a year, still taken on film. By 2012, we were taking 380 billion photographs a year, nearly all digital. One trillion photographs were taken in 2014. There were some 3.5 trillion photographs in existence in 2011, so the global photography archive increased by some 25 percent or so in 2014. In that same year, 2011, there were 1 trillion visits to YouTube. Like it or not, the emerging global society is visual. All these photographs and videos are our way of trying to see the world. We feel compelled to make images of it and share them with others as a key part of our effort to understand the changing world around us and our place within it.”

Excerpt From: Nicholas Mirzoeff. “How to See the World.” iBooks. 

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ILFORD XP2

Kodak Shirleys

In the good old days, Kodak used to publish a set of books called Dataguides that had all kinds of useful information. The darkroom dataguides included a "standard" negative and print; the idea was that the user had a practical reference of what a well exposed, well-developed negative and print looked like. He could also use this negative as a standard test to calibrate his own equipment or fine-tune his procedures. (Later Dataguides did not include these, probably as a cost-saving measure. A shame.) 
NPR.org. (2014). How Kodak's Shirley Cards Set Photography's Skin-Tone Standard. [online] Available at: http://www.npr.org/2014/11/13/363517842/for-decades-kodak-s-shirley-cards-set-photography-s-skin-tone-standard [Accessed 20 Sep. 2017].

 Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin,  Shirley , 2012. C-41 photographic print.

Adam Broomberg & Oliver Chanarin, Shirley, 2012. C-41 photographic print.

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References

http://aperture.org/blog/adam-broomberg-oliver-chanarin-to-photograph-the-details-of-a-dark-horse-in-low-light/
https://www.photo.net/discuss/threads/kodak-shirleys.336776/
http://www.npr.org/2014/11/13/363517842/for-decades-kodak-s-shirley-cards-set-photography-s-skin-tone-standard

Progress

Orchid Mantis

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ophrys apifera

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A for andromeda  

Slash/virgule

Ranciere, J. (2009). The Future of the Image. Verso Books.

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The future of the image Ranciere, Jacques

Ranciere, J. (2009). The Future of the Image. Verso Books.

Au Hasard Balthazar (1966) - Donkey

 

The 400 Blows (1959)

Aigles du Musée - Marcel Broodthaers

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RAYO ILUMINANDO UN VENADOJOSEPH BEUYS

  Joseph Beuys    Rayo iluminando un venado  ( Blitzschlag mit Lichtschein auf Hirsch ), 1958–85  Treinta y nueve elementos Bronce, hierro y aluminio  Medidas variables  Edición 0/4  Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa

Joseph Beuys

Rayo iluminando un venado (Blitzschlag mit Lichtschein auf Hirsch), 1958–85

Treinta y nueve elementos
Bronce, hierro y aluminio

Medidas variables

Edición 0/4
Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa

Raymond Hains

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Man with Yellow Pants by Michelangelo Pistoletto

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Notorious - Hitchcock

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Foreign Correspondent

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Marnie (1964) - Handbag

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Above Suspicion (1995) - Milk Scene

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